Vaulted houses are built in Cameroon and Chad by Musgum peoples who are descendant of SAO people, the pioneer around the Lake Chad. In Cameroon, they are settling farther north; the national park called Waza, is founded on Musgum territory. Before the 12th century, the Musgum people with their neighbours formed the Kanen-Bornu Empire, a medieval African state.
The Musgum vaulted houses are made from compressed sun-dried mud. The tall conical dwellings, in the shape of a shell featured geometric raised patterns. The particularity of the buildings is their organic simplicity and the functions behind the forms; the thicker walls increase the stability of the building.
The Mbororo, also called semi-nomadic cattle herder, are a sub-group of the larger Fulani group spread across a horizontal zone from West Africa into central Africa. They might originate from the Berber people of North Africa that migrated to the south between the 8th-11th c, and mixed with the people of Senegal. The Mbororo are family, cattle, strong morals, and beauty, and they value excellence in poetry, singing and dancing; cattle is the symbol of wealth. Although converted to Islam, they preserve many of their own customs, they wear fetishes and charms and practice rituals for protection. Despite this, they have shown openness to the Gospel.
Pictures from:Trip Down Memory Lane