cartesianism, Christian, Christianity, father of modern phylosophy, fondationalism, founder of cartesian, French, French writer, mathematic, mathematician, metaphysic, philosopher, philosophy, rationalism, Rene Descartes
Modern philosophy began in France with the philosophy of René Descartes (1596–1650). His Meditations on First Philosophy changed the primary object of philosophical thought from ontology to epistemology and overcame the Aristotelian dogmatism inherited in philosophy from Scholasticism, the dominant form of thought in preceding centuries, while simultaneously raising some of the most fundamental problems for future generations of philosophers. (Wikipedia)
Descartes is considered by many to be the father of modern philosophy, because his ideas departed widely from current understanding in the early 17th century, which was more feeling-based. While elements of his philosophy weren’t completely new, his approach to them was. Descartes believed in basically clearing everything off the table, all preconceived and inherited notions, and starting fresh, putting back one by one the things that were certain, which for him began with the statement “I exist.” From this sprang his most famous quote: “I think; therefore I am.”
educational thought, french revolution, French writer, Genevan philosopher, jacobin club, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, modern political thought, music composer, philosophy, Pholosopher, Political Philosopher, sociological thought, writer
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of music of the 18th-century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought.
Rousseau was a successful composer of music, who wrote seven operas as well as music in other forms, and made contributions to music as a theorist. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophes among members of the Jacobin Club. Rousseau was interred as a national hero in the Panthéon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death. (Wikipedia)