cartesianism, Christian, Christianity, father of modern phylosophy, fondationalism, founder of cartesian, French, French writer, mathematic, mathematician, metaphysic, philosopher, philosophy, rationalism, Rene Descartes
Modern philosophy began in France with the philosophy of René Descartes (1596–1650). His Meditations on First Philosophy changed the primary object of philosophical thought from ontology to epistemology and overcame the Aristotelian dogmatism inherited in philosophy from Scholasticism, the dominant form of thought in preceding centuries, while simultaneously raising some of the most fundamental problems for future generations of philosophers. (Wikipedia)
Descartes is considered by many to be the father of modern philosophy, because his ideas departed widely from current understanding in the early 17th century, which was more feeling-based. While elements of his philosophy weren’t completely new, his approach to them was. Descartes believed in basically clearing everything off the table, all preconceived and inherited notions, and starting fresh, putting back one by one the things that were certain, which for him began with the statement “I exist.” From this sprang his most famous quote: “I think; therefore I am.”
Académie française, Belgian-born French novelist and essayist, book, Erasmus Prize, essayist, France, French, French novelist, literature, Marguerite Yourcenar, Memoirs of Hadrian, poems, poet, Prix Femina, quote, volumes of memoirs, writer
Marguerite Yourcenar (1903 – 87), is widely considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century
Marguerite Yourcenar, one of the respected writers in French language, was a Belgian-born French novelist and essayist. Winner of the Prix Femina and the Erasmus Prize, she was the first woman elected to the Académie française in 1980 (since its founding in 1635. She published many novels, essays, poems, and volumes of memoirs. She moved to the US in 1939 and shared 40 years of her life with Grace Frick, her American companion, until Frick’s death in 1979.
Yourcenar and Frick’s, both supported causes like the Civil Rights Movement and Nature conservation.